Plea Bargaining Laws Discriminate Against U.S. Citizens

Investigative Reports

April 28, 2023

A total of 31 jurisdictions within the United States, including the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, have enacted laws that require their courts to warn non-citizen defendants that they may be deported if they plead guilty to a criminal offense.

In at least 20 of those jurisdictions, a court’s failure to provide immigration-related plea warnings can serve as a basis for overturning an otherwise valid conviction. This is true even if the alien defendant has admitted guilt, in good faith, under oath, and on the record.

Read the full report here.

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